Did you know insomnia, alone, is not a disease? It might be a symptom from a physiological and emotional unbalance or merely materialization of fatigue caused by deficiency of sleep. This precondition is evidenced by any of the following: a) light, disrupted sleep that one is still fatigued upon waking up, b) not being able to sleep, even if exhausted, c) lack of sleeping hours. Although this circumstance is usually temporary, insomnia may be categorized based on the duration of time it has affected the patient.
* Transient Insomnia – This condition remains only for a few days. Transient insomnia is commonly caused by stress or as a direct response to change. It is sometimes called adjustment sleep disorder. The disorder may develop after a traumatic event or even during minor changes such as traveling or weather changes.
Caffeine and nicotine are also observed to affect sleeping patterns. Caffeine, which is present in coffee, and nicotine, present in cigarettes, can cause transient insomnia. In most cases, treatment for transient insomnia is not necessary. It usually resolves after a few days once the person was able to adjust to the new situations or surroundings.
* Short-term Insomnia – This endures for 3 weeks or less. Short-term insomnia and transient insomnia are just about similar in their causes.
Female hormonal changes can affect sleep patterns. One of the female hormones, progesterone, promotes sleep. During menstruation, when its levels are low, women may experience insomnia. On the other hand, during ovulation, the increase in progesterone levels increases sleepiness. Fluctuations in the level of progesterone during pregnancy and menopause cause altered sleeping patterns leading to transient insomnia. Although women after 50 also experience chronic insomnia, this is usually caused by psychological or emotional factors.
Changes in working conditions, such as changing schedules, also cause short-run insomnia. Similarly, folks who tend to overwork get little rest than the median. Once, insomnia was also detected in people doing a great deal of electronic computer work.
Light can also affect one’s sleep. Too much light at night can disrupt sleep or even prevent sleepiness. Likewise, less light during the day, as in disabled or elderly patients who rarely go out can also cause short-term insomnia. This is because the levels of melatonin responding to darkness. Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, a pea-sized gland at the center of the brain, that help regulate the cycles of sleeping and waking up.
* Chronic insomnia – when someone could not sleep, has disrupted sleep, or is still fatigued after sleeping; and the condition recurs for more than 2 nights every week for more than one month. Also, it is defined when the patient is tired out and thinks that his daily activities are impacted by this sleeping condition.
Based on the causes, chronic insomnia may be further defined into principal or secondhand: * Primary chronic insomnia – when the insomnia is not made by any physical or psychological imbalance. * Secondary chronic insomnia – may be caused by physiological and mental conditions, such as depressive disorder, or emotional and psychiatric disorders.
In one study, in industrialised nations, chronic insomnia impacts about 10 percent of grownups. Insomnia can affect a patient during daylight when patient may feel sleepiness in the mornings or in the afternoon. Some, in spite of their sleepiness report failure to sleep. Even worse, another group described exuberant energy during the day. These people are more anxious and even more testy.
Due to failure to acquire adequate rest, these people have subdued concentration. If someone has pre-existing medical condition, such as orthopaedic pain or arthritis, this may be aggravated by insomnia. When one suspects that he or she has insomnia, consulting a doctor would be the safest advise. One of these therapies may also be attempted.
* Minimizing ingestion of beverages containing caffeine. This includes coffee, cola and chocolate. It is advisable to limit intake after 3pm. For most individuals, these substances are excreted from the body in a couple of hours. But some people have slow biological excreting process, which caffeine can remain in the body longer than the norm.
* People can also limit stay in bed during the sleeping hours. This is effective to increase the tendency to sleep when in bed.